Pottery of Indus valley civilization | excavation and discovery

The carbon dating Of Indus Valley Civilization revealed that this civilization is much older than 8000 BCE which clearly debunks the theory of invasion by Aryans .

Indus valley civilization is the most ancient civilization all over the world .India that is Bharat is much more ancient than what we imagine today . When anyone tries to  glance India with a sense of knowing it in a deep manner , he/she  will realize that India is the first region where human culture started to evolve .

This statement is proven to be right when the excavation of  Indus valley Civilization which is also known as bronze age civilization , started to happen in 1920 which is considered to be much more ancient than Greece , Mesopotamia , Egypt and others civilization .

Excavation of Indus Valley Civilization

The first excavation started in the Punjab region  which finally led to the great excavation at  Mohenjo- daro in Sindh in 1921 . The excavation  undertook under the guidance of Sir John Hubert Marshall who was then in charge of the Archaeological department . This excavation revealed the high  prosperity and the kind of amazing  skill reached at such an early date . 

Discovery of pottery in Indus valley civilization

Discovery of pottery in Indus valley civilization

The Indus potters were highly skilled in making pottery.

They were able to manufacture the pottery in the Plain form ,  colored form and also glazed pottery and these pottery have the shape of triangle , Cylindrical , Circular ,  V-shaped  having the Wavy lines ,  parallel straight lines , intersecting circles ,resembling a chessboard like pattern on the pottery which were the basis for geometrical composition .

The pictorial representation of animals , flowers , rivers , fish , snake ,human being ( which is rarely seen ) could be seen on pottery .  

The material which is used to make these  pots is Terracotta .  Terracotta is basically a type of clay which is heated after giving a shape .  It is typically brownish or red in color.

The pottery discovered during excavation were both hand made or wheel made but Most of them were wheel made pottery .

The clay which had been  used in making pottery was certainly  local , brought from the near riverbed ,and the colors which were used for paintings are  red ,  pink , black , cream , brown . The most of the paintings done on the exterior side of the pottery . The interior decoration is comparatively rare .

The  clay body of the vessels were heated in a kilns which were 2.1 m in diameter , at a controlled  temperature which give us the evidence that they knew how much soil clay , water and temperature given to a pot .  There was a space beneath kiln in which the woodfire kindled . The design and  the finishing done by the Potter tell us the kind of  skill  they carried down the ages .

In measure cases , the painting is monochromatic .

Indus valley pottery

 

Only the specific portion of the vessels were slipped so that the smooth painting or decoration could be done on the vessels . Black , in the form manganiferous hematite is the usual pigment of the painted design and , varies in intensity from brown to a rich purple black .The red , black and also white are used before baking pigments , the green was the color applied after baking .

The other colors which were also used is yellow .

You may also read about the history of world greatest gathering happen in Kumbh Mela :

Kumbh Mela

Uses of pottery in Indus valley civilization

The pottery was made in various shapes like storage jars , bowls , cup , flat plates , handi (pot to cook rice or vegetables ) , and in many other shapes .

  •  The height of the jar  which is around 1.5 feet –  2.5 feet ( 45cm – 65 cm ) may have been used for storage of grains .
  • Bowls and flattish dishes  have been used for Serving the cooked food and the small vessels used  in drinking water . 
  • The  miniature Pottery which has been  discovered during the excavation  of Harappan civilization  which are an inch in height may have been used as a playing objects for children but there are also some possibilities of using these Miniature pottery to connect with some Spiritual powers . 
  • The perforated  jar may have been used for ceremonial purposes which gives us a clear indication that the people living during this  period used to believe in reincarnation and Other ritual practices . 

Related Post which can provide you knowledge about ancient India :

1.Takshashila – World’s first most ancient Hindu University
2.Guliga daiva : Kantara stone worshipping powerful tradition
3.Dwarka :excavation of Krishna’s lost city in India
4.Lord Parshuram :Fierce incarnation who killed all kshatriyas

Frequently asked questions :

What kind of pottery was found in Indus valley civilization ?

There have been different kinds of pottery found in Indus valley civilization . These pottery have the shape of triangle , Cylindrical , Circular , V-shaped having the Wavy lines , parallel straight lines , intersecting circles , resembling a chessboard like pattern on the pottery which were the basis for geometrical composition . The pictorial representation of animals , flowers , rivers , fish , snakes ,human beings ( which is rarely seen ) could be seen on pottery . The material which is used to make these pots is Terracotta . Terracotta is basically a type of clay which is heated after giving a shape . It is typically brownish or red in color.

How was pottery made in Indus valley ?

The pottery discovered during excavation were both hand made or wheel made but Most of them were wheel made pottery .The clay body of the vessels were heated in a kilns which were 2.1 m in diameter , at a controlled temperature .

When was pottery developed in the Indus valley ?

The Indus valley civilization developed around 8000 BCE or beyond, which is more ancient than the civilizations of Greece , Mesopotamia and China . So the pottery must have been developed around this period which is around 8000 BCE .


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