There are thousands of Shiva temples
across India . Temples are the place where you
will find yourself in different kind of zones .
A zone of peace , love , surrender to the Divine , great science carve on temple’s wall . Any temple you visit in India (specially ancient Temples ) will talk about its history , the great architecture which is not
possible even in this modern era time . These temples are the rich cultural heritage of
Bharat which makes it incredible worldwide .
Below are the temples which are dedicated to Shiva God in Hinduism . Let us know
about them in details one by one .
Somnath Temple is situated in Saurashtra , Gujarat . In Saurashtra , it’s located in Prabhas Patan . Lakhs of Hindu Devotees visit this temple and take the blessings of Somnath for their prosperity and welfare of the society .
Among 12 Jyotirlingas , Somnath is considered to be the first Jyotirlinga because according to Shiv Puranas it has been said that this Jyotirlinga is self – manifested .
This Temple is called as the eternal shrine . This is seven- storied , Chalukya style of architecture, which is 155 feet tall . This is made of red sandstone which is completely eye catching site .The most astonishing part of this Temple is a Arrow Pillar ( Stambha) on which , there is inscription written in Sanskrit which gives a meaning that there is no land when you move straight to the Antarctica . There is a huge cave beneath this Temple which talks about unknown factors which are still unknown to this world .
This Temple was made by Chandra (Moon God ) himself which was structured in Gold .This was the main reason that this temple looted or attacked by invaders several times .
The first attack was done by Mahmood Ghajni in 1025 AD . He destroyed the temple and looted the gold . These kinds of destruction and looting happened several times with the temple but every time , it was reconstructed by the spirit of Devotees . The last construction was done by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in 1947 .
Kashi Vishwanath Temple
Kashi Vishwanath Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and this Shiva temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas .
This Shiva temple is situated at western bank of river Ganga in Varanashi , Uttar Pradesh . It has
been believed that whoever take deep bath in Ganga and do the Darshan of Lord shiva , get
the Moksha .
Moksha means freedom from the cycle of birth and death . Great enlightened
Masters like – Swami Vivekananda , Ramakrishna Paramhansha , Adi Shankracharya ,
Swami Dayananda Sarswati ) had visited this temple and took the Darshan of Lord Shiva in
the form of Vishweshwara .
It’s not an easy task to precisely date when it came into existence . There is mention of “
Kashi” in Vedas ( Rig Veda ) or Puranas ( Skanda Mahapurana ) , Mahabharata , Ramayana
and others . Vedas are written thousand and thousand years ago .
Don’t fall in trap which is made by Aryan Invasion theory about Vedas existence . A Chinese pilgrim in 635 had
described about this Kashi Vishwanath Dham and also mentioned other 24 great temples in
the city .
The first destruction of Kashi Vishwanath Temple had been started by Qutub-Din – Aibak in
1194 AD . Not just Kashi Vishwanath Temple was attacked but other thousand temple were
also destroyed or looted by them .
Later , it was reconstructed in 1210 -1236 . Then again , it was destructed in 1300 by Firoz Shah Tughlaq . Multiple destruction happened but spirit of devotees for their Lord Shiva made it stand strong through reconstruction . The last
attacked was by Aurangzeb which was finally reconstructed by AhiliyaBai Holkar in 1777
who was the Queen of Indore .
Finally In 2019 , Prime Minister Modi started under his leadership the construction of Kashi
Vishwanath Corridor and in 2021 , unveiled the temple which connect the temple to the
ghats of ganga river in Uttar Pradesh .
This Shiva temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas dedicated to Lord Shiva situated in Ujjain ,
Madhya Pradesh .
The Lingam is said to be self – manifested .
Mahakaleshwar Temple is popular for its bhasm arti which take place every morning at 4 AM . The bhasm arti is the most eye catching rituals because the bhasm get used here is collected from Funeral pyre.
And this is what Mahakaleshwar like because he is timeless . He is beyond the cycle of birth
and death .
There is always advance booking goes on for watching this bhasm arti . And the
decoration done by leaves and flowers of canabeans is the most auspicious rituals which
make this temple different from others .
There is different attire to followed for everyone . Men have to wear Dhoti whereas women
have to wear saaree . Mahakaaleshwar is known as dakshinamurtibecause of facing south
direction .There is no cell phone allowed to be taken inside the temple .
The story behind existence of this temple is as follows :
There was a king named Chandrasen was once ruling the Ujjain and was a great devotee of
Lord Shiva . He used to chant the Lord Shiva most of his time . One day , a boy named
Shrikhar heard the Shiva chant from Chandrasen .He too try to sit beside him and want to
do the chant but is taken out by his guards and left him to the outskirt of the city near the
river called Kshipra .
This is the place where Shrikhar heard about the attack going to happen on the kingdom by king Ripudaaman and singh aditya . After hearing , he started to chant or pray to Lord Shiva continuously . When a Priest named Vridhi heard about this ,he too used to pray Lord Shiva . The attackers became successful in attacking the Kingdomwith the help of Dushan . But finally get destroyed by Mahakaal( Lord Shiva ) .
And this was only got possible because of devotees prayer and chanting . On the request of Shrikhar
and Vridhi and other devotees , agreed to reside in the city and protect it from evil people .
Kedarnath Temple ( Shiva temple) is a holy place of Lord Shiva and this Shiva temple is situated in Uttarakhand . When we go
through the sanskrit meaning , it gives us as kedar means ” field” and nath means ” Lord” .
When we sum it up , it gives us meaning of Lord of Field .People use to visit this Dham to
attain the Moksha .
The temple is 3553 m above the sea level . It’s not an easy task to visit
the Kedarnath because visitors have to go without use of any vehicle (trekking) for around
16 km starting from Gaurikund .
It’s been believed that Pandavas have constructed this Kedarnath Temple which was again
reconstructed by India’s most knowledgeable enlightened master named Adi Shankracharya
It’s very surprising to note that that the temple is 85 feet high and thickness of 12
feet and the stones connected to each other through interlocking technique which is said to
be like impossible to do at that time .
By this , you can imagine how developed was our Bharata at the time when other countries had no knowledge of advance technology.
In period of 1300 – 1900 AD , the whole Temple got covered by snow but still stand strong
at the time too without any damage . The flash flood came on 17th June , 2013 which took
many lives and destroyed the whole surrounding areas wasn’t able to damage the Temple .
The story behind the Kedarnath Temple is as follow :
After Mahabharata ,the great warrior Panadvas wanted Lord Shiva to forgive them for the
killing of their opponents . But Lord Shiva was not ready to forgive them so , he transform
himself in Bull and started roaming around the Himalayan hills .Pandava still managed to
recognize him and caught his hump and other four parts too in different places . The name
of the five places are Kedarnath , Tunganath , Rudranath , Kalpeshwar and Madhya
Mahaeshwar . And these places named as Panch Kedar .
Bhimashankara Temple is a ancient shrine which is situated in Sahyadri Hills of
This Shiva temple is located in the village of Bhorgiri , 3500 feet above the sea level . In recent time this place is declared as Wild life Sanctuary which has made this temple more popular . The temple is
one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India .
The linga is self- manifested . The carvings on the pillar of this temple say a lot about human and God relations . Carving of Mahabharata ,Ramayana or other scriptures could be easily seen on the pillars .There is a river orginated from Bhimshankara is Bhima which ultimately merge with Krishna .
The sanctity of this temple attract thousands of visitors from all over India to take the blessings of Lord Shiva
The story of this Shiva temple is as follows :
In the dense forest of Dakini , a demon named Bhima was living with his mother Karkati .
When he get to know from his mother that his father Kumbhkarana ( Younger brother of
Ravana ) had been killed by Lord Rama (who was the incarnation of Lord Vishnu) , he
became furious . So , through performing penance , he became successful in pleasing Lord
He got the blessings of powerfulness ( great strength to destroy anyone ) . Now
through his power , he used to destroy sages and Devatas in all three lokaas (world) . There
was a great devotee of Lord Shiva named Kamrupeshwara who used to worship him with
his great devotion . When Bhima get to know about him , he wanted to be worshipped by
Kamrupeshwara instead of Lord Shiva , but he refused to do that .
So , Bhima raised his sword to destroy the Linga . That was the time Lord Shiva Appeared in front of them and
kill the demon Bhima . On the request of sages and Kamrupeshwara , he stayed there in the
form of Linga . And this is how this Shiva temple came into existence .
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FAQ ( Frequently asked questions )
How many Jyotirlingas in India by name ?
There are 12 Jyotirlingas in India . Somnath temple ( Gujarat) , Naageshwar ( Gujarat) , Bhimshankara temple ( Maharashtra ), Trimbakeshwar Temple ( Maharashtra ) , Grishneshwar Temple ( Maharashtra ) , Vaidyanath Temple ( Jharkhand ) , Mahakaleshwar Temple ( Madhya Pradesh ) , KashiVishwanath Temple ( Uttar Pradesh ) , Kedarnath Temple ( in Uttarakhand ) , Ramaeshwaram Temple ( Tamil Nadu ) , Mallikarjuna Temple ( Andhra Pradesh ) , Omkareshwar Temple ( Madhya Pradesh ).
What is the meaning of Jyotirlingas ?
Jyoti means ” Radiance ” and linga means ” the almighty who is the creator and destructor of cosmos .
which is the largest Shiva temple in India ?
The Srirangam Temple situated in Tamil Nadu is considered to be the most largest functioning Shiva Temple across world which occupies the area of 156 acres .